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Ferdinand Magellan

An anonymous portrait of Ferdinand Magellan, 16th or 17th century (The Mariner's Museum Collection, Newport News, VA) Legend: "Ferdinan[dus] Magellanus superatis antarctici freti angustiis clariss." (Fedinand Magellan, you overcame the famous, narrow, southern straits.)

Ferdinand Magellan was a Portuguese explorer that thought that the West can be traveled by going East. He deserted his own country and King Manuel and go to Spain to get King Charles I's trust. In exchange, King Charles gave Ferdinand Magellan 5 ships: Santiago, Trinidad, Victoria, San Antonia and Concepcion to reach Moluccas; the island of spice.

On September 20, 1519 in San Lucar de Barrameda, they started their exploration. 18 months of hunger, illnesses and thirst have been stopped by Magellan.

On March 16, 1521, they landed on Samar, Philippines to meet Raja Kolambo and his brother Siagu of Bataan. They did "blood compact" to show signs of friendship.

On March 31, 1521, they are accepted by Raja Kolambo and the first mass occured in Limasawa, Leyte in honors to Father Pedro de Valderama. With insufficient food, they are forced to go to Cebu.

Raja Humabon and the other Cebu leaders agreed to accept Magellan, but only one didn't agreed: Lapu-lapu, the leader of Mactan, Cebu.

Thus, this made Magellan mad and started a fight in Mactan Island.

One of Lapu-lapu's men killed Magellan while the others fled...

One day the others found Moluccas and returned to Spain with 19 people left and only the Victoria ship on September 6, 1522.

Origin 2[]

The Large Magellanic Cloud (LMC) is a nearby Irregular galaxy (although it shows signs of a bar structure, and is often reclassified as a Magellanic type dwarf spiral galaxy), and a satellite of the Milky Way. At a distance of slightly less than 50 kiloparsecs (≈163,000 light-years), the LMC is the third closest galaxy to the Milky Way, with the Sagittarius Dwarf Spheroidal (~ 16 kiloparsecs) and Canis Major Dwarf Galaxy (~ 12.9 kiloparsecs) lying closer to the center of the Milky Way. It has a mass equivalent to approximately 10 billion times the mass of our Sun (1010 solar masses), making it roughly 1/100 as massive as the Milky Way, and a diameter of about 14,000 light-years (~ 4.3 kpc). The LMC is the fourth largest galaxy in the Local Group, after the Andromeda Galaxy (M31), our own Milky Way Galaxy, and the Triangulum Galaxy (M33). While the LMC is often considered an irregular type galaxy (the NASA Extragalactic Database lists the Hubble sequence type as Irr/SB(s)m), the LMC contains a very prominent bar in its center, suggesting that it may have previously been a barred spiral galaxy. The LMC's irregular appearance is possibly the result of tidal interactions with both the Milky Way and the Small Magellanic Cloud (SMC). It is visible as a faint "cloud" in the night sky of the southern hemisphere straddling the border between the constellations of Dorado and Mensa.