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Origin[]

A submachine gun (SMG) is an automatic carbine, designed to fire pistol cartridges. It combines the automatic fire of a machine gun with the cartridge of a pistol. The submachine gun was invented during World War I (1914–1918), but the zenith of its use was World War II (1939–1945) when millions of weapons of this type were manufactured. In military use, the submachine gun has mostly been replaced by carbine-length assault rifles due to their superior power and range in a similarly sized package; the widespread adoption of body armor by police and military forces (which standard pistol cartridges are largely incapable of penetrating) is also a decisive factor. Submachine guns retain widespread use in police and counter-terrorist forces, which typically face unarmored opponents in the tight confines of civilian house-to-house fighting, where the lighter recoil, better control in burst or fully automatic mode and minimized overpenetration of submachine guns afford maximum benefit.

The Thompson submachine gun (nicknamed the Thompson or Tommy Gun) is an American submachine gun, invented by John T. Thompson in 1918, that became infamous during the Prohibition era. It was a common sight in the media of the time, being used by both law enforcement officers and criminals. The Thompson was also known informally as: the "Tommy Gun", "Trench Broom", "Trench Sweeper", "Chicago Typewriter", "Chicago Piano", "Chicago Style", "Chicago Organ Grinder", and "The Chopper".

Corporal, East Surrey Regiment 1940

A British soldier equipped with a Thompson M1928 submachine gun (drum magazine), November 25, 1940.

Owner[]

The Mafia (also known as Cosa Nostra) is a criminal syndicate that emerged in the mid-nineteenth century in Sicily, Italy. It is a loose association of criminal groups that share a common organizational structure and code of conduct, and whose common enterprise is protection racketeering. Each group, known as a "family", "clan", or "cosca", claims sovereignty over a territory in which it operates its rackets – usually a town or village or a neighbourhood (borgata) of a larger city. Its members call themselves "men of honour", although the public often refers to them as "mafiosi".

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